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弄啥嘞后续~~~

发表时间: 2016年09月20日 10:51:18
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old安娜

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浅谈托福写作中的插入语

 

雷哥又来告诉大家技巧了,为了考托福的童鞋,小雷哥我都跟着操碎了心还没人理我。你们想想我得多伤心!哎,桑心也要为你们更新啊~~~废话不说了快开始吧:

英语插入语非常常见而且形式较多,几种常见用法:插入语是英语语法中的一个重要考点,它是指插在句子中的词语或句子,其位置比较灵活,通常被逗号、破折号或句子的其他部分隔开,与句子的其他部分之间没有语法上关系。插入语通常是对一句话的附加解释、说明或总结,有时表示说话人的态度和看法,有时起强调作用,有时是为了引起对方的注意,还可以起转移话题或说明原因的作用,也可以承上启下,使语句间的衔接更紧密。插入语通常与句中其它部分没有语法上的联系,将它删掉之后,句子结构仍然是完整的。

 

插入语的八种类别:

 

1. 副词(短语)作插入语

常见的有:indeed,surely,however,obviously,naturally,luckily,happily,fortunately,strangely,briefly,actually, altogether, further, besides,similarly,exactly,especially等。

举例如:

Surely.I will keep the secret for my whole life.

Strangely,he hasn’t written to me for half a year.

 

2. 形容词(短语)作插入语

常见的有:strange,sure enough,worse still,even better,hard to say,most important of all,worst of all等。

举例如:

Most important of all,each of us fulfilled our own task.

 

3. 介词短语作插入语

常见的有:to one’s joy,in a word,in short,on the contrary,in other words,in a/some sense,in general,in one’s view/opinion,in conclusion, in reality,as a matter of fact,in a addition,in turn,in return,as a consequence/result等。

举例如:

Never waste anything,and above all,never waste time.

Theory begins with practice and in turn serves practice.

 

4. 不定式短语作插入语

常见的有:to be frank to be short to tell you the truth/to be honest,to be sure,to make the matter worse,to begin/start with等。这些插入语表示说话人的态度,在句中作独立成分。

举例如:

To be sure.community service can aid reemployment.

5. 现在分词作插入语

常见短语有:generally speaking, strictly speaking,judging frond by,considering等。

举例如:

Judging from his age,he must be ill.

Considering his age,he did very well.

 

6. 分句作插入语

常作插入语的分句有:I think(我认为),I hope (我希望),I’m afraid(恐怕),What’s more(而且),What’s worse(更糟的是),You see (你清楚)等。

举例如:

You see, they didn’t trust me.

He will come on time, I think. (注意:这个句子如把插入语I think放在句首,它就成为主句,而后面的句子成为宾语从句成份,即:I think (that ) he will come on time.

 

7. 过去分词短语作插入语
Painted white, we like the house better. 漆成白色,我们更喜欢这房子。
注意:之所以称它为插入语,是由于这种过去分词是独立的,没有逻辑主语。

 

8. 用标点符号引导插入语
举例如:

He was(strange as it seems)an excellent sportsman.

他(尽管还显得令人不解)是个出色的运动员。
He was-to me at least, if not to you-a figure that was worth having pity on.

至少我觉得如此,即使你不这样认为,他是一个值得同情的人。

 

 

 

文章例子:

 

Schooling and Education

 

It is commonly believed in United States that school is where people go to get an education. Nevertheless, it has been said that today children interrupt their education to go to school. The distinction between schooling and education implied by this remark is important.

Education is much more open-ended and all-inclusive than schooling. Education knows no bounds. It can take place anywhere, whether in the shower or in the job, whether in a kitchen or on a tractor. It includes both the formal learning that takes place in schools and the whole universe of informal learning. The agents of education can range from a revered grandparent to the people debating politics on the radio, from a child to a distinguished scientist. Whereas schooling has a certain predictability, education quite often produces surprises. A chance conversation with a stranger may lead a person to discover how little is known of other religions. People are engaged in education from infancy on. (插入语)Education, then, is a very broad, inclusive term. It is a lifelong process, a process that starts long before the start of school, and one that should be an integral part of one’s entire life.

(插入语)Schooling, on the other hand, is a specific, formalized process, whose general pattern varies little from one setting to the next. (插入语)Throughout a country, children arrive at school at approximately the same time, take assigned seats, are taught by an adult, use similar textbooks, do homework, take exams, and so on. (插入语)The slices of reality that are to be learned, whether they are the alphabet or an understanding of the working of government, have usually been limited by the boundaries of the subject being taught. For example, high school students know that there not likely to find out in their classes the truth about political problems in their communities or what the newest filmmakers are experimenting with. There are definite conditions surrounding the formalized process of schooling.

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  • 1F
    语法知识点整理的切中要点,对之后的备考复习都很有帮助哈,雷哥还是很不错的
    2016年09月20日 14:55 0 回复[0 ]

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